Comorbidity among axis II diagnoses was common. Subjects met the criteria for an average of 2.4 personality disorder diagnoses (SD=1.6). The subjects with borderline personality disorder were more likely than those without borderline personality disorder to meet the criteria for histrionic (29.2% versus 5.6%; ? 2 =, df=1, p<0.0005), narcissistic (30.6% versus 15.7%; ? 2 =5.59, df=1, p=0.02), and antisocial (12.5% versus 3.7%; ? 2 =4.98, df=1, p=0.03) personality disorder. Subjects with paranoid personality disorder were more likely than those without paranoid personality disorder to meet the criteria for schizotypal (49.2% versus 20.5%; ? 2 =, df=1, p<0.0005), narcissistic (33.3% versus 15.4%; ? 2 =7.77, df=1, p=0.005), histrionic (23.5% versus 10.3%; ? 2 =5.90, df=1, p=0.02), and antisocial (12.7% versus 4.3%; ? 2 =4.34, df=1, p=0.03) personality disorder. Subjects with borderline personality disorder had a higher number of personality disorder diagnoses (other than borderline personality disorder) than subjects without borderline personality disorder (mean=2.3 diagnoses, SD=1.7, versus mean=1.8 diagnoses, SD=1.1; t=–2.35, df=178, p=0.02). Subjects with paranoid personality disorder also had a higher number of personality disorders (other than paranoid personality disorder) than subjects without paranoid personality disorder (mean=2.5 diagnoses, SD=1.7, versus mean=1.8 diagnoses, SD=1.1; t=–3.44, df=178, p=0.001).
Injury inside Young people or Puberty
Table 2 reveals the fresh prevalence regarding connection with injury throughout the youthfulness/adolescence in sufferers with and in place of borderline character sickness. Sufferers having borderline personality sickness had significantly large pricing off bodily discipline in the young people/puberty than simply subjects rather than borderline character disorder, having intercourse managed (52.8% in the place of 34.3%; ? dos =5.43, df=step 1, p=0.02), nevertheless communities didn’t disagree in their cost of sexual punishment (30.2% as opposed to 19.4%; ? dos =1.46, df=1, p=0.23) otherwise regarding other types of trauma from inside the youngsters/adolescence.
Sufferers having paranoid identity ailment plus got a somewhat higher level of real discipline inside youngsters/adolescence than just sufferers without paranoid personality problems, which have gender managed (54.0% as opposed to thirty five.0%; ? dos =5.70, df=step 1, p=0.02). 4% rather than 22.2%; ? dos =0.23, df=step one, p=0.63) otherwise out of other sorts of upheaval within the youth/adolescence. The latest connectivity off childhood/teenage actual abuse which have borderline identity sickness with paranoid personality sickness have been together with checked-out that with each one of the almost every other personality diseases diagnoses because the a lot more covariates, therefore the performance was indeed mathematically comparable.
Subjects with antisocial personality infection had been apt to be compared to those rather than antisocial identification diseases to have already been bereaved when you look at the young people (53.8% as opposed to 21.0%; ? 2 =eight.67, df=step 1, p=0.006). Nothing of your other types of identity disorder is rather and you will certainly of sexual discipline, actual abuse, otherwise the other kinds of stress into the teens/puberty.
Trauma inside the Adulthood
The fresh rates from experience of shock in adulthood within the subjects with and without borderline identification diseases are found when you look at the Desk 2. Borderline personality illness was not significantly of bodily physical violence, intimate physical violence, or other brand of trauma when you look at the adulthood, as we grow older and you may intercourse managed. Sufferers which have paranoid personality diseases was in fact much more likely than others rather than paranoid personality infection getting educated real physical violence within the adulthood, with age and you can sex controlled (33.0% as opposed to 17.9%; ? dos =4.84, df=step 1, p=0.03). Individuals with paranoid identity disease and additionally had highest cost regarding injuries/burns off (63.5% instead of 47.0%; ? dos =4.86, df=step 1, p=0.03) and combat (9.5% as opposed to step 1.7%; ? 2 =6.forty-eight, df=1, p=0.01) than those with no problems, nevertheless these differences were not statistically tall after the negative effects of several reviews was basically managed. Not one of your other types of identity disorder is significantly relevant that have any traumatization inside adulthood.
Prevalence out of PTSD
Brand new lives prevalence out of PTSD within set of victims try 17.8% (N=32). The fresh new pricing out of PTSD in women (19.0%, N=12) and you will males (17.1%, N=20) just weren’t significantly some other (? dos =0.eleven, df=1, p=0.74). PTSD try most typical in the sufferers which have paranoid (29%) and you may borderline (25%) identity infection, and you will minimum popular when you look at the victims which have narcissistic (10%) and you may passive aggressive (12%) identity infection. On the leftover brand of identification disorder, the fresh prevalence away from PTSD varied off fourteen% so you can 18%. Subjects which have and you can instead of PTSD failed to differ within complete number of character infection diagnoses (mean=2.5, SD=step 1.2, in Online-dating the place of mean=dos.cuatro, SD=step one.6; t=–0.thirty-six, df=178, p=0.72).